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What’S The Time In English


There are two common ways of telling the time.

Formal but easier way

Say the hours first and then the minutes.

Example: 7:45 – seven forty-five

For minutes 01 through 09, you can pronounce the ‘0’ as oh.

Example: 11:06 – eleven (oh) six

More popular way

Say the minutes first and then the hours. Use past and the preceding hour for minutes 01 through 30. Use to and the forthcoming hour for minutes 31 through 59, but .

Example: 7.15 – fifteen minutes past seven

Example: 7.45 – fifteen minutes to eight

Another possibility of saying ’15 minutes past’ is: a quarter past

Another possibility of saying ’15 minutes to’ is: a quarter to

Another possibility of saying ’30 minutes past’ is: half past

Example: 5:30 – half past five



Use o’clock only at the full hour.

Example: 7:00 – seven o’clock (but 7:10 – ten past seven)

In English ordinary speech, the twelve-hour clock is used. Timetables usually use the twenty-four-hour clock. In spoken English, the twenty-four-hour clock is, however, only used in official announcements, but not in ordinary speech.

Beispiel: 17:20 – twenty past five

For times around midnight or midday you can use the expressions midnight or midday / noon instead of the number 12.

Beispiel: 00:00 – midnight

Beispiel: 12:00 – midday or noon

To make clear (where necessary) whether you mean a time before 12 o’clock noon or after, you can use in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, at night. Use in the morning before 12 o’clock noon, after 12 o’clock noon use in the afternoon. When to change from afternoon to evening, from evening to night and from night to morning depends on your sense of time.

Example: 3:15 – a quarter past three in the morning OR a quarter past three at night

More formal expressions to indicate whether a time is before noon or after are a.m. (also: am – ante meridiem, before noon) and p.m. (also: pm – post meridiem, after noon). Use these expression only with the formal way of telling the time.

Example: 3:15 – three fifteen a.m.

It is not usual to use a.m. and p.m. with past/to.

Example: 3:15 – fifteen minutes past three OR a quarter past three

American English

Beside past Americans often use after.

Example: 06:10 – ten past/after six

But: in time expressions with half past it is not usual to replace past by after.

Example: 05:50 – ten to/before/of/till six


Exercise on Telling the Time

Time In English: How To Ask And Tell

Asking and telling time in English can be very difficult because there are so many rules.

If you have the same difficulty, then don’t be worried. In the next few minutes, we will go through everything that we need to know about how to tell time in English.

Now let’s get started.

The most common and also the easiest way to ask about time is:

‘What time is it?’

However, it needs to be a little bit more polite when you ask a person, maybe a stranger. In order to do that, you can say:

‘Excuse me, could you tell me what time it is, please?’ ‘Excuse me, could you tell me the time, please?’

Ways to ask if somebody has time or not

When somebody ‘has the time’, it means that they have some free time to do what you are asking them to do. You can say:

‘Do you have the time?’ ‘Have you got the time?’

Telling time is a little bit more difficult. Firstly, we will see some new words about a clock so you can be more familiar with the words we will use:

When the minute hand reaches number 12, you can say:

‘It’s + hour hand + o’clock’


‘It’s + hour hand + a.m [morning]/p.m [night]’ Example:

‘It’s 2 o’clock’ or ‘It’s 2 a.m/p.m’

When the minute hand reaches other numbers, there will be two ways for you to tell time:

a. It’s + hour hand + minutes + [a.m/p.m]

b. Use ‘past’ and ‘ to’ to tell time

– For minute 1-30, you can use the word ‘past’ to tell time

It’s + the number of minutes+ past + hour

– For minute 31 – 50, you can use the word ‘to’ to tell time.

‘It’s + the number of minutes until it reaches number 12 + to + hour


It’s two fifty [a.m/p.m]

It’s ten to three.

It’s four fifteen

It’s fifteen past four

Comment the time when you read this sentence below. Try to find as many ways as possible

Reach as high as you can, then reach a little bit higher. There will you find magic, or maybe, even cookies.

What Are The 14 Punctuation Marks In English Grammar?

There are 14 punctuation marks that are commonly used in English grammar. They are the period, question mark, exclamation point, comma, semicolon, colon, dash, hyphen, parentheses, brackets, braces, apostrophe, quotation marks, and ellipsis. Following their correct usage will make your writing easier to read and more appealing.

Sentence Endings

Three of the fourteen punctuation marks are appropriate for use as sentence endings. They are the period, question mark, and exclamation point.

The period (.) is placed at the end of declarative sentences, statements thought to be complete and after many abbreviations.

As a sentence ender: Jane and Jack went to the market.

After an abbreviation: Her son, John Jones Jr., was born on Dec. 6, 2008.

Use a question mark (?) to indicate a direct question when placed at the end of a sentence.

When did Jane leave for the market?

The exclamation point (!) is used when a person wants to express a sudden outcry or add emphasis.

Within dialogue: “Holy cow!” screamed Jane.

To emphasize a point: My mother-in-law’s rants make me furious!

Comma, Semicolon, and Colon

The comma, semicolon, and colon are often misused because they all can indicate a pause in a series.

The comma is used to show a separation of ideas or elements within the structure of a sentence. Additionally, it is used in numbers, dates, and letter writing after the salutation and closing.

Direct address: Thanks for all your help, John.

Separation of two complete sentences: We went to the movies, and then we went out to lunch.

Separating lists or elements within sentences: Suzi wanted the black, green, and blue dress.

Whether to add a final comma before the conjunction in a list is a matter of debate. This final comma, known as an Oxford or serial comma, is useful in a complex series of elements or phrases but is often considered unnecessary in a simple series such as in the example above. It usually comes down to a style choice by the writer.

The semicolon (;) is used to connect independent clauses. It shows a closer relationship between the clauses than a period would show.

John was hurt; he knew she only said it to upset him.

A colon (:) has three main uses. The first is after a word introducing a quotation, an explanation, an example, or a series.

He was planning to study four subjects: politics, philosophy, sociology, and economics.

The second is between independent clauses when the second explains the first, similar to a semicolon:

I didn’t have time to get changed: I was already late.

The third use of a colon is for emphasis:

There was one thing she loved more than any other: her dog.

A colon also has non-grammatical uses in time, ratio, business correspondence and references.

Dash and the Hyphen

Two other common punctuation marks are the dash and hyphen. These marks are often confused with each other due to their appearance but they are very different.

A dash is used to separate words into statements. There are two common types of dashes: en dash and em dash.

En dash: Twice as long as a hyphen, the en dash is a symbol (-) that is used in writing or printing to indicate a range, connections or differentiations, such as 1880-1945 or Princeton-New York trains.

Em dash: Longer than the en dash, the em dash can be used in place of a comma, parenthesis, or colon to enhance readability or emphasize the conclusion of a sentence. For example, She gave him her answer – No!Whether you put spaces around the em dash or not is a style choice. Just be consistent.

A hyphen is used to join two or more words together into a compound term and is not separated by spaces. For example, part-time, back-to-back, well-known.

Brackets, Braces, and Parentheses

Brackets, braces, and parentheses are symbols used to contain words that are a further explanation or are considered a group.

Brackets are the squared off notations ([]) used for technical explanations or to clarify meaning. If you remove the information in the brackets, the sentence will still make sense.

He [Mr. Jones] was the last person seen at the house.

Braces ({}) are used to contain two or more lines of text or listed items to show that they are considered as a unit. They are not commonplace in most writing but can be seen in computer programming to show what should be contained within the same lines. They can also be used in mathematical expressions. For example, 2{1+[23-3]}=x.

Parentheses ( () ) are curved notations used to contain further thoughts or qualifying remarks. However, parentheses can be replaced by commas without changing the meaning in most cases.

John and Jane (who were actually half brother and sister) both have red hair.

Apostrophe, Quotation Marks and Ellipsis

The final three punctuation forms in English grammar are the apostrophe, quotation marks, and ellipsis. Unlike previously mentioned grammatical marks, they are not related to one another in any form.

An apostrophe (‘) is used to indicate the omission of a letter or letters from a word, the possessive case, or the plurals of lowercase letters. Examples of the apostrophe in use include:

Omission of letters from a word: I’ve seen that movie several times. She wasn’t the only one who knew the answer.

Possessive case: Sara’s dog bit the neighbor.

Plural for lowercase letters: Six people were told to mind their p’s and q’s.

It should be noted that, according to Purdue University, some teachers and editors enlarge the scope of the use of apostrophes, and prefer their use on symbols (&’s), numbers (7’s) and capitalized letters (Q&A’s), even though they are not necessary.

Quotations marks (” “) are a pair of punctuation marks used primarily to mark the beginning and end of a passage attributed to another and repeated word for word. They are also used to indicate meanings and to indicate the unusual or dubious status of a word.

“Don’t go outside,” she said.

Single quotation marks (‘ ‘) are used most frequently for quotes within quotes.

Marie told the teacher, “I saw Marc at the playground, and he said to me ‘Bill started the fight,’ and I believed him.”

The ellipsis is most commonly represented by three periods (. . . ) although it is occasionally demonstrated with three asterisks (***). The ellipsis is used in writing or printing to indicate an omission, especially of letters or words. Ellipses are frequently used within quotations to jump from one phrase to another, omitting unnecessary words that do not interfere with the meaning. Students writing research papers or newspapers quoting parts of speeches will often employ ellipsis to avoid copying lengthy text that is not needed.

Omission of words: She began to count, “One, two, three, four…” until she got to 10, then went to find him.

Within a quotation: When Newton stated, “An object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays in motion…” he developed the law of motion.

British vs. American English

There are a few differences between punctuation in British and American English. The following charts details some of those differences:

British English

American English

Make your writing clear

Becoming familiar with the basic punctuation marks in the English language will allow you to express yourself better in your writing. Punctuation marks will also make your sentences clearer and more understandable to the reader.

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Bộ Ảnh Trẻ Bị Bệnh Down Lay Động Người Xem

Một tác phẩm trong bộ ảnh của nhiếp ảnh gia Soela Zani

Bộ ảnh đã gây xúc động mạnh bởi tính nhân văn sâu sắc.

Chia sẻ với The Mighty, nhiếp ảnh gia Soela Zani cho biết bà thực hiện bộ ảnh này dưới sự hỗ trợ của Hiệp hội bệnh Down Albania và giám đốc Emanuela Zaimi nhằm tạo ra loạt ảnh chân dung tuyệt đẹp của trẻ em bị bệnh Down lấy cảm hứng từ một số bức họa nổi tiếng.

“Thông điệp mà tôi muốn chia sẻ thông qua dự án này là mỗi người là một phần của nghệ thuật, vì vậy chúng ta phải học cách ngắm họ dưới góc nhìn đẹp đẽ”, Zani nói. “Đây là những đứa trẻ xinh đẹp, và các em có thể làm tất cả mọi thứ nếu chúng ta tạo cho các em cơ hội”.

Zani cũng nói thêm việc thực hiện dự án này với bà không hề dễ dàng, nhưng bà “ngây ngất” khi bộ ảnh nhận được nhiều sự quan tâm và ảnh hưởng của nó với cộng đồng.

Trên mạng, nhiều người bày tỏ cảm kích việc làm đầy nhân văn của Zani. Một người tên Mary Sibley viết: “Những bức ảnh tuyệt đẹp! Tôi thích ngắm chúng và mong có thêm nhiều ảnh thế này hơn nữa… Các em nhập vai rất tuyệt và xinh đẹp”.

Một người khác ngưỡng mộ: “Ảnh đẹp, thật kinh ngạc. Các em đều nắm bắt được tinh thần của mỗi bức vẽ. Bộ ảnh kỳ công”.

“Tuyệt vời. Xin hãy thực hiện nhiều ảnh hơn nữa!! Những đứa trẻ thật tuyệt… Các em hẳn rất vui khi được diện đồ đẹp chụp ảnh như vậy”, một người khác chia sẻ.

Hội chứng Down là gì?

Bình thường chúng ta có 46 nhiễm sắc thể (23 cặp), một nửa số này thừa hưởng từ cha, nửa kia thừa hưởng từ mẹ. Ở trẻ bị bệnh Down thì có 47 nhiễm sắc thể vì có đến ba nhiễm sắc thể thứ 21 (hiện tượng nhiễm sắc thể tam đồng). Chính nhiễm sắc thể “dư” này đã phá vỡ sự phát triển bình thường về thể chất và trí tuệ.

Cứ 800-1.000 trẻ mới sinh thì có 1 trẻ bị hội chứng Down.

Trẻ bị hội chứng Down thường nhỏ hơn những trẻ cùng trang lứa nhưng lại dễ thừa cân. Trẻ chậm phát triển tâm thần từ thể nhẹ đến thể vừa, nhưng nếu được giúp đỡ và can thiệp kịp thời, chỉ gần 10% tiến triển thành thể nặng.

Với những trẻ bị hội chứng Down, việc giáo dục kỹ năng thể chất và tâm thần cần được duy trì suốt đời. Nói chung, mức độ chuyển biến trung bình của những trẻ này thấp hơn trẻ bình thường, phần lớn dừng lại ở những kỹ năng vận động, ngôn ngữ và các kỹ năng cá nhân/xã hội đơn giản.

Bộ ảnh của nhiếp ảnh gia Soela Zani được chia sẻ trên trang BoredPanda:

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